The Warren Court Essay

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The US Supreme Court was created in Article III of the Constitution and has the ultimate authority on the interpretation of constitutional law and is therefore deemed the highest court in the nation (USSC). The Supreme Court consists of a chief justice and eight associate justices who review cases from lower courts throughout the nation and rule on the constitutionality of the issues (Urofsky, 2001). The Supreme Court plays a large role in the American legal system because its rulings become law, affecting subsequent cases throughout the nation. During the late fifties and sixties, a time known as the Warren Court, the Supreme Court handed down multiple rulings that were controversial and especially impactful in the area of criminal …show more content…
A liberal like Warren, Hugo Lafayette Black was believed in limited judicial discretion and protecting individual rights (Urofsky, 2001). Appointed in 1938, another influential associate judge of the Warren Court was Felix Frankfurter. Frankfurter emigrated from Vienna as a child and taught at Harvard Law after World War I (Urofsky, 2001). Frankfurter was considered conservative due to his deep belief in judicial restraint. William Brennan was nominated to the Supreme Court in 1953 by President Eisenhower (Urofsky, 2001). Brennan’s appointment marked a huge shift in the makeup of the Court towards liberal activism (Urofsky, 2001). Brennan’s influence came more from his ability to garner support from conservatives and “centrists” for liberal ideas than from his judicial skill (Urofsky, 2001). One of the most well-known justices of the Warren Court, if not influential, was Thurgood Marshall. Marshall is most well-known for his part as attorney in Brown v. Board of Education. While Marshall was a very successful lawyer he was not an extremely influential judge. This is in part because by the time he was appointed and “found his voice” the composition of the court had once again shifted toward a much more conservative path (Urofsky, 2001).
The Warren Court represents one of the most well-known periods of

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