Essay on The Integral Humanism of Mahatma

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The Integral Humanism of Mahatma

ABSTRACT: Humanism as a theistic, pragmatic theory was first conceived around 2000 BCE in India. It is a this-worldly, human-centered, secular philosophical outlook. Gandhi understands religion as connoting the individual’s integrity and society’s solidarity. Free-will for him is freedom of the "rational self." Morality is not a matter of outward conformity, but of inward fulfillment. His integral humanism is indicated by his enumerated seven social sins: (1) politics without principles; (2) wealth without work; (3) commerce without morality; (4) knowledge without character; (5) pleasure without conscience; (6) science without morality; and (7) worship without sacrifice. The eleven vows recited in his
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The earthly life constitutes the central concern for the Vedic Aryans. The sacrificial fire-rites which were evolved during Vedic period had social welfare as its motto, the motive was to prepare the land for agriculture for abundance and welfare of human race.

The latter half of the nineteenth century witnessed Hindu Renaissance pioneered by Brahm Samaê of Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Arya Samaê of Dayanand Saraswati, finally blossoming into Vedantic Hinduism of Vivekananda. Vedantic Hinduism, stresess the importance of service to the weak and the needy as its practical aspect. "That society is the greatest where the highest truths become practical. Humanism has undergone significant development assuming variety of forms in the West and in the East. Western Humanism is atheistic in content because Christianity conceives of God as the Creator, unlike Vedantic Humanism which is not atheistic.

Various Interpretations of Humanism

Humanism is not an established school of philosophy, but is a definite philosophical outlook. It emphasized the worth and dignity of man by rejecting other worldliness and transcendentalism. It is this worldly, man-centered secular philosophical outlook. It claims that the man is self-sufficient and is able to comprehend the world phenomena and works out a certain social order without the help of God. It is an attitude towards and an approach to man's worldly life and values. It is characterised by interest in man, concern for man

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