Essay on The Genocide of the Trail of Tears

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The Trail of Tears is the collected routes in which Native Americans were forcibly removed from their traditional homes east of the Mississippi River to the newly established "Indian Territories" in the west (Strickland 344). Hundreds and thousands of Natives, including the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, Seminole, Quapaw, Kickapoo, Winnebago, (Strickland 345) Sac, Fox (West 85) and many more tribes were removed from their homes and marched along the thousand mile trail to what is now present-day Oklahoma ("Trail"). Much suffering occurred on route of the daily trail and sadly, during this time, the U.S. regarded the removal of the Natives as "humanitarian and civilized" policy to protect the Native people from the Whites' westward …show more content…
In 1831, the Cherokee tribe launched their case: Cherokee vs Georgia which ended unsuccessfully on the Cherokee's part (Strickland 344). Then, in 1832, natives appealed their case: Worcester vs Georgia to the Supreme Court (Ehle 242). Sadly, both cases against the removal deemed futile. Finding the cases of no relevance, the U.S. proceeded with their means of removing the Native Americans from their home territories. Natives were often dealt treaties when they agreed to peacefully remove themselves (Strickland 344). However, if they do not wish to leave, war broke out and if the U.S. won, the Natives were forcibly removed to reserves in Oklahoma (Strickland 344). In either case of removals, Native Americans were marched along several routes of the trail. A multitude of deportees died daily in 10s to 20s (Strickland 344). Along the trail, troops gathered more and more tribes along the way. Of course, not all of the tribes consented to leaving their homes peacefully. Consequentially, wars broke out. One significant war was between Back Hawk and the U.S. in 1831: After the Sac and Fox tribes were moved to Iowa, Black Hawk led some of his people back to their homeland to plant some corn to grow for the harvest season. The people that settled there feared an attack, but the battles were mostly skirmishes between Black Hawk's people and the local militia. Later, regular army troops had

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