Stalin's Authority Over the USSR Essay example

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Essay Sample: Page 2
As Fitzpatrick states, "Like previous oppositions to

Stalin the Right was defeated by the Party machine which Stalin

controlled". By eradicating his most powerful opposition from the

party, Stalin secured his position as leader and gained almost

complete control of the Communist regime, which, in time, would lead

to the assertion of his personal authority over the USSR. This may be

seen as cunning on Stalin's part, but there is also the view that he

was simply the beneficiary of the mistakes of other leading figures of

the party as he was the only one who appeared to stick to party


Stalin's abandonment of the New Economic Policy in 1929 is another way

in which he gained control over the USSR. He did not consider the NEP

as being Communist as it allowed the peasants to "have their little

bit of capitalism" (Lenin). The policy allowed peasants to sell extra

surplus in free markets and legalized small businesses. Only industry,

transport and banking remained under State control. This was not

acceptable to Stalin who saw the NEP as unpopular and believed that

the Party should oppose private property and profit. Collectivisation,

started in 1928, was seen to be the solution to this problem as it

gave the State, and therefore Stalin, complete control
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