Short and Long Term Memory in Children Essay

516 Words 3 Pages
Previous studies have been done to assess pictorial, auditory, and text stimuli the short term and long term memory of children. Research indicates that children recall more information when it is shown in picture form or when stimuli are related. In the following study, 4th graders will be shown 8 groups of four pictures or words for 10 seconds. After each set of four, they will be shown 3 of the pictures or words and asked to recall the one that was missing. In accordance with previous research, children should be able to recall more pictorial stimuli than word stimuli. They should also be able to recall related stimuli better than non-related stimuli.
Many studies have been done to determine the short term and long term memory of
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These findings could help schools come up with new ways to teach students. One of the easiest way to test a child's memory is by using the REY Visual Design Learning Test (RVDLT). This instrument is used to access the immediate memory span, new learning, delayed recall, and recognition memory for nonverbal memory. During the test, children are shown groups of simple geometric pictures one by one. They are then asked to draw as many as they can remember. This cycle is repeated another four times. After a 15-20 minute break, children are asked again to draw as many pictures as they can remember. In 2006, Wilham and Klink assessed the construct validity of the RVDLT. They concluded that the test is useful in measuring and assessing the visual memory of children in grades one through nine. Also, as children become older they are able to recall more information. In 1994, Macklin studied whether children were able to recall more verbal or nonverbal stimuli. She claimed that children recalled more when visual stimuli were involved. In her study, children were asked to look at pictures, hear only audio, or look at a rough draft of a video which included sound. All were about the same fictional cereal advertisement. Macklin hypothesized that children would be able to recall more information if they looked at pictures rather than hearing an advertisement. They would also be able to recall even more information if they had visual and audio together. The

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