Pride and Prejudice
Jane Austen satirizes the entire premise of social statuses and how they affect the people around them in her book Pride and Prejudice. To make her characters look ridiculous she evinces the folly of them by using satirical tools: irony of situation, verbal irony, and dramatic irony. Jane Austen utilizes these distinct satirical tools throughout Pride and Prejudice tools to help point out the ridiculousness of the characters and to point out how the different social statuses affect how the characters act around the each other.
Irony of situation is one of the most prevalent tools of satire used in Pride and Prejudice. Mrs. Bennet is full of ridiculous statements that contradict what she should actually be saying or
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Collins has, and will inherit, but she married him in the pursuit of attaining a higher position in the social hierarchy they live in. Charlotte is willing to abandon all moral obligations to her friends and herself for the sole purpose of personal advancement. Mr. Bennet is also a source of verbal irony throughout the book. Jane, who is sent in pursuit of Mr. Bingley, was sent in the cold on a horse and became ill, once the family learns of her illness Mr. Bennet tells his wife that, ?if your daughter should have a dangerous fit of illness, if she should die, it would be a comfort to know it was all in the pursuit of Mr. Bingley? (26) This shows how ridiculous Mrs. Bennet can become in the pursuit of a mate for her daughters. When Mr. Bingley is first mentioned by Mrs. Bennet she says that it is such a fine thing for her girls since he is rich and single, Mr. Bennet asks, ?How so? How can it affect them?? (2). Even though he knows exactly the reason that a rich man could assist his family, he never misses the opportunity to make a remark to irritate his wife. The social status of the Bennets, which involves their property going to Mr. Collins once Mr. Bennet dies, causes Mrs. Bennet to become so focused on attaining a husband for her daughters that she abandons all maternal instincts: care and compassion. Dramatic irony also plays an important role in showing how ludicrous and