Role of Interaction in Early Second Language Acquisition Essay
Various hypotheses have been made by scholars to study the second language acquisition (SLA) in order to benefit the understanding of the language learning process. According to Beller (2008), most hypotheses focus on the successive SLA, such as the behaviouristically oriented ‘contrastive hypothesis’, the nativist-oriented ‘identity hypothesis’, as well as the interlanguage hypothesis, while few of the studies have paid attention to the SLA of bilingual pre-school-aged children. With the increasing immigrants and importance of SLA realized by the bilingual parents, their children tend to learn the second language (L2) together with …show more content…
The Interactionist Model, defined by Wong Fillmore, “encompasses the reciprocal relationship of the social, linguistic and cognitive processes between the learner, the speaker of the second language (L2) and the social setting. Collectively, the three processes explain the interaction between the learner and the L2 speaker, and the development of the learner’s understandings of the grammatical and social structures of the L2” (As cited in Piker and Rex, 2008) The interaction is realized by communication, in which the importance of language input should not be neglected. Studies show that “a high level of quality and quantity in the language input has a positive influence on language development in terms of children’s grammatical, semantic and lexical competence and accelerates the process of language acquisition”(Beller, 2008). Language input in early language learning is mostly provided by the parents, especially mothers, educators and pears. Therefore the literature review will be organized in three aspects.
a. Interaction with parents
Blum points out, “As language evolves during the second year of life, both internal signals and external linguistic communication with caregivers play increasingly important roles in ego development and in the formation of self and object representations and the internalization of the self and object relationship” (as cited in Meissner, 2008, p. 40). Naturally, care from the parents is important to the