Essay on Roe v. Wade

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Roe v. Wade Roe v. Wade is court case of 1973 in which the Supreme Court ruled that a woman has a constitutional right to an abortion during the first six months of pregnancy. Before the Court's ruling, a majority of states prohibited abortion but most allowed an exception when pregnancy threatened the woman's life. The Court overturned these state bans in Roe v. Wade. The Court ruled that states could restrict abortions only during the final three months of pregnancy. The decision was strongly endorsed by many women's rights groups. However, it was fiercely opposed by many others of whom said that life begins at conception. In the United States abortion was decided by the states rather than …show more content…
Texas ruled in favor of Roe on the grounds that the law violated her constitutional rights to privacy. The court ruled that the 9th Amendment and the 14th Amendment of the Constitution guaranteed privacy rights that were broad enough to protect a woman's choice to have an abortion because the district court refused to forbid future prosecutions for abortion. Roe and her attorneys appealed to the US Supreme Court. Wade also appealed the decision. The Supreme Court heard arguments for Roe v. Wade in December 1971. After the justices intensely debated the issues, Chief Justice Warren Burger recommended that the case be reargued, stating, "These cases are not as simple for me as they appear to be for the other justices." The Court then ordered a second round of arguments, which it heard in October 1972. Finally, in January 1973 the Court decided 7-2 in favor of Roe. Justice Harry A. Blackmun wrote the Court's majority opinion and written document that announces the Court's decision and explains its reasoning. At the outset of his opinion, Blackmun noted "the sensitive and emotional nature of the abortion controversy" and the "vigorous opposing views" held by many Americans. He observed that "one's philosophy, one's experiences, one's exposure to the raw edges of human existence, one's religious training, one's attitudes toward life and family and their values, and the moral standards one establishes and seeks to observe, are all likely to influence and to color one's

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