Pathogens and HIV Essay

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This assignment will give an outline of pathogens and the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) also the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). How HIV is spread and where the virus comes from. The assignment will also look into who discovered HIV and also when it was discovered and which was found first between HIV and AIDS also if HIV and AIDS are somewhat related. Also give a brief description what a pathogen is, also what types of pathogens there are, and look into the human immune system and discuss CD4, T cells and B cells and what these cells do for the body. What medication is available and whether or not there is a cure for HIV and AIDS also what the signs and symptoms are of HIV and AIDS. The assignment will also research …show more content…
Some people do not feel ill at all when they are first infected. They may have no symptoms for a long time (class notes 2009). The infected person may look healthy and may also feel healthy, the only effective way of knowing if someone has been infected with HIV is through a blood test this test would show up HIV antibodies these are proteins the body uses to fight off infection (The body 2009). The UK AIDS statistics show by the end of 2007 there was approximately 77,400 people living with HIV in the UK alone, however 20,700 were not aware of their condition (AVERT 2009). Further tests may be necessary if the test is negative if the doctor suspects the patient has contracted the HIV virus, this would be carried out in 4 to 6 weeks from the first blood test (ABC health & wellbeing 2005).
However, some symptoms of HIV infection may include extreme tiredness, sometimes together with headache, dizziness with/or light-headedness; swollen glands in the neck; armpits or groin; continued fever or night sweats; weight loss that is greater than 10 pounds which is not due to dieting or increased physical activity; heavy, continual dry cough that is not caused from smoking or that has lasted too long to be cold or flu; continuing bouts of diarrhoea that may or may not be accompanied with vomiting; thrush, a thick whitish coating on the tongue or in

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