Multiple Sclerosis Essay

1928 Words 8 Pages
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the central nervous system (CNS). It is considered an autoimmune response because the immune system attacks the myelin sheets of CNS. These attacks can take place anywhere in the brain and spinal cord. The results are areas of hardening in the myelin sheets which unable the communication of nerve impulses to their designated locations. As consequences of the malfunction of the myelin sheets the nervous systems slows down in response to stimuli. (Zawada, 2010)
Etiology
Multiple sclerosis is a disease that has been around for centuries. However, as of this day there is not a known cause or a known cure for this disease. After many years of research there are several theories that investigators
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This causes the patient to have double vision and eye vibration. The best alternative to minimize these symptoms is to take steroids. It is also recommended for patients to use an eye patch only in time of extreme fatigue. (Shapiro, 1994)
Tremor follows the attack of myelin sheets of the cerebellum. It affects the movement of extremities and the head, causing twisting or an oscillating motion that cannot be control. The tremor that occurs in the head and neck is the most difficult to treat. When it happens in areas of the tongue, lips and mouth it causes speech impairment. Many different drugs are recommended to help control these involuntary movements but most have side effects that may not compensate the use of them. Other alternatives are physical therapy, immobilization of the joint and weighting. Weighting refers to adding weight to the part of the body to stabilize the muscle. (Shapiro, 1994)
Fatigue can manifest in different ways. Some are more difficult than others, but ultimately the best technique to deal with fatigue is to preserve energy by planning ahead all everyday activities. (Shapiro, 1994)
In conjunction with fatigue numbness is one of the most common complains of MS. It is recommended to treat numbness only when it happens in the hands because it affects the fine motor skills. The use of steroid such as cortisone may reduce inflammation and help

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