The 1950’s and 1960’s were decades full of powerful speakers. These speakers could motivate people in such a strong way. They were a huge part of the Civil Rights Movement being successful. One of these powerful speakers was Malcolm X. He led a very interesting, yet tragic life.
Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. He was one of eight children. His mother, Louise Norton Little, was a homemaker while his father, Earl Little, was a Baptist minister. His father was a devoted follower of Marcus Garvey, who was the Black Nationalist leader. Malcolm had already moved twice by the time he was four because of threats aimed towards his father from white supremacy groups. Earl tried to
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By the end of eighth grade he lost so much interest in school that he dropped out. He worked in Boston, Massachusetts for a while and then moved to Harlem, New York. By this time he was committing crimes and just not a very good kid. In 1946, Malcolm and a friend moved to back to Boston where they both got arrested for burglary charges. Malcolm was sentenced to 10 years, but only served prison time until 1952. While in prison, he was visited by his brother, Reginald. He shared with Malcolm his new devotion to the Black Muslims (Nation of Islam). Malcolm studied a lot about this and was very intrigued by the leader, Elijah Muhammad. Muhammad preached that whites were keeping African Americans away from success and should separate themselves from the white society. Malcolm left prison enlightened by it and had a new name… Malcolm “X”. He though Little was his “slave name” and “X” signified his lost tribal name.
After he was out of prison, he was selected to be a minister and national spokesman of the Nation of Islam. In 1958, he married a woman by the name of Betty Shabazz who later shared six girls with Malcolm. Malcolm would use anything and everything to spread the teachings of the Nation of Islam from the newspaper to the television. In a matter of 11 years, Malcolm’s dedication to promoting new members was very successful. The number of members went from 500 in 1952 to 30,000 in 1963. Malcolm was in the media very much