Essay on libya

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Libya is an Arab country in northern Africa. It lies on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The country is bordered by Egypt and Sudan on the east, Chad and Niger on the south, and Algeria and Tunisia on the west. Tripoli is Libya's capital and largest city.

The vast, dry Sahara covers most of Libya, and the country has few natural resources. But the discovery of petroleum in 1959 injected huge sums of money into Libya's economy. The government of Libya used some of this wealth to improve farmland and provide services for the people.

Almost all of Libya's people are of mixed Arab and Berber ancestry and are Muslims. Until the early 1900's, Libya consisted of three separate geographical and historical regions. It became a united,
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In 1971, the Arab Socialist Union was formed as Libya's only political alliance. But a number of underground opposition groups exist.

People

Population and ancestry. About 80 percent of Libya's people live along the Mediterranean coast or in the upland regions just south of the coast. More than 90 percent of Libya's population is of mixed Arab and Berber ancestry. The Berbers lived in Libya before the Arabs arrived in the A.D. 600's.

Languages. Arabic, the official language, is spoken by almost all Libyans. Many educated Libyans speak a second language, particularly English or Italian.

Way of life. Most of Libya's people live in urban areas. The country's rural dwellers live mostly in villages or desert oases. Some nomads move with their sheep, goats, and camels in search of pasture.

The expansion of the Libyan economy after the mid-1900's triggered a substantial migration from rural areas to the cities. The transition from rural to urban life required many difficult adjustments. For example, rural Libyans live as an extended family, with several generations sharing a single home. But this arrangement is not practical in Libya's crowded cities.

The status of women in Libya changed dramatically in the late 1900's. Women once received little or no education and were largely confined to the home. As a result of the changes, women have the legal right to participate fully in Libyan society. But many traditional attitudes about women remain. Libyan women

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