Law and Order in Late 19th Century Essay
In the 19th century the main aim of the Metropolitan police was to deter criminals from committing crime rather than actually solving it. However the police force did have to deal with many cases of drunkenness and petty theft, which were common in 19th century London. As well as dealing with the common crimes, the police also got involved in controlling public demonstrations. They often used batons to control the crowd and soon got a reputation for being heavy handed, after a baton charge at a demonstration in Bromley in 1868, resulted in a seventy-eight year old man being trampled to death.
Many people saw the police as Defenders of order. However many people …show more content…
The first detectives were appointed in 1842, but the public was concerned that the plain clothed police officers could not be easily identified. In 1862 photos of criminals were taken in prison, then sent to Scotland Yard where they formed the 'Rogues Gallery'. The photos were taken because police believed it was possible to identify criminal 'types' from the shape of their heads.
The Criminal intelligence Department (CID) was set up in 1878 and this led to considerable improvement in detective methods especially in forensic science. John Toms was convicted of murder in 1884 because the torn paper he used for his pistol wadding