Juvenile Offenders Recidivism and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
“There is no single cognitive-behavioral method or theory” a quote by McGuire, quoted by Pearson and Lipton et al. in their study of Behavioral/Cognitive-Behavioral Programs on Recidivism (Pearson & Lipton et al., 2002). According to the National Association of …show more content…
Sanctions alone have been proven as ineffective means of preventing recidivism of juvenile offenders. Deterrence-oriented interventions do more harm than good. Henggeler & Schoenwald (2011) implied that deterrence-oriented interventions such as shock probation, residential placement, transfer to adult court, and intensive supervision are connected to increased delinquent behavior.
In their systematic literature review, Lipsey and Chapman et al. used meta-analysis, a method that focuses on contrasting and combining results from different studies (Web Definition). The 14 selected studies were selected to present evidence that CBT programs are effective in reducing recidivism of criminal offenders. The criteria used in selecting studies involved: interventions, participants, outcome measurers, research methods, coding procedures, and results. The results showed that Cognitive Behavioral programs are overall effective, and the best of them are capable of producing sizable reduction in recidivism (Lipsey and Chapman et al., 2001, pp. 144--157).
Though the information gained through literature review is compelling for the argument that CBT programs are effective in reducing recidivism rate among criminal offenders. As stated by