Juvenile Offenders Recidivism and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

2839 Words 12 Pages
According to the National Institute of Justice, recidivism is one of the most fundamental concepts in criminal justice. The NIJ defines recidivism as a person’s relapse into criminal behavior, often after receiving sanctions or undergoing intervention for a previous crime. Recidivism is often utilized in evaluating prisons effectiveness in crime control. Reducing recidivism is crucial for probation, parole and to the correctional system overall.
Literature Review
“There is no single cognitive-behavioral method or theory” a quote by McGuire, quoted by Pearson and Lipton et al. in their study of Behavioral/Cognitive-Behavioral Programs on Recidivism (Pearson & Lipton et al., 2002). According to the National Association of
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The authors further stated that their empirical analysis reveals that all four measures of harsh prison conditions increase recidivism (Drago and Galbiati et al., 2011)
Sanctions alone have been proven as ineffective means of preventing recidivism of juvenile offenders. Deterrence-oriented interventions do more harm than good. Henggeler & Schoenwald (2011) implied that deterrence-oriented interventions such as shock probation, residential placement, transfer to adult court, and intensive supervision are connected to increased delinquent behavior.
In their systematic literature review, Lipsey and Chapman et al. used meta-analysis, a method that focuses on contrasting and combining results from different studies (Web Definition). The 14 selected studies were selected to present evidence that CBT programs are effective in reducing recidivism of criminal offenders. The criteria used in selecting studies involved: interventions, participants, outcome measurers, research methods, coding procedures, and results. The results showed that Cognitive Behavioral programs are overall effective, and the best of them are capable of producing sizable reduction in recidivism (Lipsey and Chapman et al., 2001, pp. 144--157).
Though the information gained through literature review is compelling for the argument that CBT programs are effective in reducing recidivism rate among criminal offenders. As stated by

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