Industrial Revolution Essay examples

2613 Words 11 Pages
The Industrial Revolution was an enormous transformation, which altered the methods of production and distribution in society. It revolutionized all the economic functions of society and paved the way for production without total dependency on human energy. In this paper, I will examine the preconditions and key factors that contributed to the Industrial Revolution. I will also discuss the impact, both economic and social, that the Industrial Revolution had on society. In addition, I will endeavour to demonstrate that the Industrial Revolution, while it did have some positive aspects, has ultimately had a negative impact on a global scale, which in turn has created a number of humanitarian and ecological problems that are still …show more content…
However, feudalism was on the decline and there was a clear shift from feudalism into mercantilism. The first integration of merchant activity with the manorial system began with the idea of the putting out system. In the putting out system, the merchant, who would obtain the raw materials, would deliver the materials to the serf, who would in turn produce the goods and return the finished items to the merchant for selling. This method of producing became widely popular as it provided an opportunity for women and children of the household to participate in the production process and accumulate more wealth. This type of arrangement proved to be very successful and gave rise to the idea of the nuclear family, because it allowed families to support themselves without assistance from extended family. As such, there was a large increase in these domestic factories. As the mercantile class rose, the land owning class’ power began to decline. The land owning class, as a means of holding onto their power, appealed to the state to pass a law that would eliminate the use of common areas of arable land and “enclose” the land, through the use of hedges and fences, for the private benefit of the landowner. This process, which took place over several hundreds of years, came to be known as the enclosure movement. Consequently, a number of small landowners and peasants became dispossessed of their land, creating an employed working class who were now free

Related Documents