How Conan Doyle Successfully Uses Setting in The Hound of the Baskervilles

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How Conan Doyle Successfully Uses Setting in The Hound of the Baskervilles

Conan Doyle started his career as a doctor. He opened a surgery but was not very successful as he didn't have many patients. He needed money so he began to write short stories. He invented Sherlock Holmes in 1888 who featured in his stories as a private detective who possessed unusual analytical skills. The detective genre used in his stories was perfect for the time as there was a great interest in puzzles and psychology. The growing interest in literature made it a great time to start writing. He manage to include all the major features of a good detective novel, including the brilliant criminal and even more brilliant
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He uses setting to reveal the character and reflect their mood, like in reality, the natural environment does have an influence on human behaviour i.e. if it was raining then we may feel a bit down. The hound of the Baskervilles has three settings, Bakers Street London, Dartmoor and Baskerville hall.

In any of Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes novels there will always be mention of the principle setting of 221b baker's street London. This being home of Sherlock Holmes and his Watson. A traditional London establishment set in municipal surroundings gives the setting sobriety and importance. London being the capital of England means it is in the centre of all the action. It is also a very imposing city, historic city and a rather extravagant metropolis. Residence Holmes and Watson suit the environment in terms of their very honest, resolute and headstrong personality. The traditional items found at 221b baker's Street i.e. fireplace, slippers, piano, gives the place a sense of security and safety.

"A few minutes later we had reached the lodge gates, a maze o fantastic tracery in wrought iron, with weather bitten pillars on either side, blotched with lichens, and surmounted by the boars' heads of Baskerville. The lodge was a ruin of black granite and bared ribs of rafters, but facing it was a new building, half constructed, the fruit of Sir Charles's South African gold."

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