How an Architectural Intention Was Embodied in the Pyramids of Giza: A Relationship Between the Building and Geometry

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Today the Pyramids of Giza continue to be a mystery to researchers and admirers of ancient Egyptian architecture. One of these great pyramids, Cheops, is among the Seven Wonders of the World and is renowned for its geometric eccentricities. They were built around 4500 years ago and are located on the western bank of the Nile River in Al-Jizah, Egypt. These buildings took on original construction that was sought after an Egyptian sophistication of a concept called a “mastaba.” A mastaba is a term that means “platform.” These platforms were built over royal tombs and eventually acquired numerous additions. Several stacked mastabas were incorporated together and tapered to form the pyramid shape. It is believed that this process took place …show more content…
     Geometry is probably one of the most important aspects in designing a building. When architects sit down at the drawing board, they must execute their knowledge and style of geometry in order to express their ideas. Architects formulate in their minds what they think a building should look like before it is drawn out. The use of straight edges, measuring tools, and even computers help architects layout their designs very easily today. But around 2500 B.C., what did the architects and project planners use to design such a magnificent building such as a pyramid? The pyramids obviously take on a shape that most people are familiar with. Beginning with a square base, the pyramids have triangular sides which converge together forming a point at the very top of the building. These simple shapes may look average to a normal person but research has shown that they possess much more underlying meaning than one would think.
     To give a more in depth, yet still basic description of the Pyramids of Giza, I will describe the Great Pyramid of Khufu, also known as Cheops. When this pyramid was built, it stood approximately 481 feet tall. As time went by, it lost about 30 feet off of the top due to natural weathering processes. At one time, this pyramid was deemed the tallest structure on earth until the 19th century. This pyramid was covered with stone casings which were used to smooth the outer surface. Some of these

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