History of Russia Essay

1117 Words 5 Pages
1991 was a hectic year in Russia. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and resignation of Premier Mikhail Gorbachev, there was a large vacuum for power. Yeltsin, acting as de facto leader of Russia, called for a presidential election. Despite lacking the support of Mikhail Gorbachev and most of Parliament, he had high ambitions—he wanted to be Russia’s first popular elected president. [Treisman 02/24/14] The 1991 election was Russia’s first real presidential election, with no shortage of individuals hoping to seize power. Getting one’s name on the ballot was fairly easy—candidates simply had to be between the ages of 35 and 65 and file a petition with at least 1,000 signatures. [Treisman 02/24/14] Despite the amount of opposition, the …show more content…
For the first time, the leader of Russia would be a man that had started out just like the rest of them. The result was a landslide victory—Yeltsin won with 58.6% of the vote and was sworn in as president. [Treisman 02/24/14] Following his election, he declared the sovereignty of the Russian Federation. However, despite the fact that Yeltsin was a heavy favorite, other parties got their votes. Of the five other candidates to gain votes, four came from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, each with different ideas for the future of Russia. Nikolai Ryzhkov, a Politburo member and favorite of the older Party leaders, was conservative and opposed to economic reform. Vadim Bakatin, Gorbachev’s favorite candidate of the four, ran on a more moderate platform. Albert Makashov was a Stalin-like general with extreme Communist views and served as caricature of old Soviet leadership. The fourth candidate was Aman Tuleev, a regional politician and local Party boss whose popularity was limited to regions with a strong mining industry. These four candidates combined for 31.5% of the vote, far behind Yeltsin’s numbers. [Treisman 02/24/14] Ryzhkov alone carried over half of the votes for the Communist Party with 17.2% of all votes supporting him. The 5th candidate that gained a substantial amount of votes was Vladimir Zhirinovsky, who set up the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). He ran

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