Hasmonean Rule: Analysing Its Evolution Essay

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In this essay I aim to examine the roots of Hasmonean rule and observe the relationship between the regime and `Hellenism' (mainly in the political context), and ascertain to what extent Hellenism became an integrated part of the Hasmonean dynasty's mode of governing its state. It is noteworthy to point out that many scholars explain the process of Hellenization as a long and drawn out one, as Lester Grabbe concisely states; "Hellenization was a centuries-long process of synthesis and diversification. It was not the simple imposition of Greek culture on the natives; indeed, the Greeks on the whole did not impose their culture but rather jealously preserved their `superior' political and cultural position in the Near Eastern society." …show more content…
The pressure to adapt to Greek ways was fairly general and diffuse under the Ptolemies. Because the Seleucids put a good deal of emphasis on Greek foundations, however, under them there was pressure to engage in more specific and more communal measures: instead of individuals choosing to conform to Greek culture..."

The primary catalyst for the revolt is commonly attributed to the decree of Antiochus IV Epiphanes; which tried to suppress the Jewish religious practices. The Maccabees are seen as the main movers in this revolt, but they appear to have been only a part of the movement against the Selecuid authorities. The `Hasidim ' (pious ones) also played a part in the revolt. The outcome of the revolt led to the repeal of the decree and the rededication of the Temple. A new High Priest was appointed by the Selecuids; Alcimus, and one would have expected the `pious ones' over the Maccabees to have responded badly to this; "Yet once the temple scribes had ascertained that he was of the priestly line he was accepted, even by the Hasidim (1 Macc 7;12f)...and on

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