Great britain and India relations Essay

1530 Words 7 Pages
How did Britain’s relationship with India change as a result of the 1857 Rebellion?
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After the arrival of Lord William Bentinck in 1828 at Calacutta, this began the “unprecedented era of reform and innovation in India” that was led by the British Empire . During the early stages of this era, Britain passed many reforms and policies that made considerable refinements towards India’s the educational and administrative system, through doctrines of liberalism and evangelicalism . Yet, such policies generated resentment and religious offences towards the native Indians. As the list of grievances that affected them grew, the Indian sepoys (Hindu and Muslim soldiers) had begun to take matters into their own hands, and rallied
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steel and textile industry) .

Before the Rebellion of 1857, Britain achieved various accomplishments in India as their power grew. For as Britain’s power grew, “so did the British inclination to reform traditional Indian customs and social structure… the desire to westernize India became irresistible as the moral foundations of Victorianism hardened” . Britain transformed India into a modern and progressive society based on a European model of society . One way of modernizing Indian society, was giving India a stable government that was largely “paternalistic, and sometimes despotic, but never arbitrary” . As a result, India was “deeply indebted to Britain for its system of administration, its laws and regulations, its educational system and, what is equally important, for its ability to admire and to adhere to democratic principles and institutions” .

Though Britain created an efficient educational and administrational system, they began to take advantage of India, which in turn, affected India’s economic stability and interests . As India was then beginning to be perceived by Britain as a country whose goods, natural resources, and money could be used to pay for everything, while enriching themselves and Britain . As a result, while reforming “Indian society both morally and politically…. it threatened much of the traditional order” , disrupted the complex societies of India , and caused the sepoys to “resent a state of affairs that they had

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