Exploring Why the Cold War in Europe and Asia got More Serious Between 1960 and 1964

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Exploring Why the Cold War in Europe and Asia got More Serious Between 1960 and 1964

Introduction

The term "Cold War" is broadly described as a state of permanent hostility between two powers which never erupts into armed confrontation or "hot war". Current historiography recognises the term "Cold War" as the conflict between the United States of America and Union of Soviet Union from 1945 until 1989. The Cold War is based on political and economic issues between sides. The Cold War was exacerbated by propaganda, covert activity by intelligence agencies and economic sanctions. It intensified at times of conflict anywhere in the world.

Two superpowers emerged; the United States of America
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Eisenhower wanted to keep American taxes low while making their economy strong; he also wanted powerful defences against the Soviet Union. Even so, the Americans made more weapons than were needed to deter the Soviet Union. This was partly because they over estimated the strength of their opponents. For example in 1955 the soviet air force put on an air show to display their new B-4 Bomber, capable of carrying nuclear weapons to the USA. As only 10 Bombers had been built, and as the soviets wanted to impress all their foreign observers, the pilots were told to fly in a wide open circle and to pass over the air show a second time, making it seem though there were 20 B-4 Bombers. Worried that there would be a bomber gap between the American and Soviet air forces, Eisenhower ordered twice as many of a new American bomber, the B-52, to be built. Delivery methods, such as the bomber fleets, were also expanded. The United States began with a considerable lead in this area, but the widespread introduction of jet powered interceptor aircraft upset this balance somewhat by reducing the effectiveness of the US's bomber fleet. In 1949 Curtis Lemay was placed in command of the Strategic Air Command and started a program to update the bomber fleet to one that was all-jet. During the early 1950s the B-47 and B-52 were introduced, giving the USAthe

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