Exploring Social Class in Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe and The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde

1358 Words 6 Pages
The Oxford Dictionary defines class as a 'system of ordering society whereby people are divided into sets based on perceived social or economic status'. Literature according to Marx echoes the social institutions from which it comes and literature is a economic product, that often reflects an author's idea or vision of class. Indeed, when reading Oliver twist by Charles Dickens, the reader will find a description of the different classes that composed the Victorian society and how they interact with each other; each character has been assigned a social and political status and acts accordingly, and the way Dickens portrays them has an impact on our idea of social class, indeed, the reader will find that the upper classes of society …show more content…
Here Defoe gives his definition of the best class in society, a class where one can enjoy the freedom, and leisure of life, but he also criticizes the ambitions of the upper class of society, and therefore their way of life. Literature can therefore serve as a mean to emphasize the idea of the author. Soon we find that this state of life does not suits Robinson, indeed Robinson wants to go to sea even though both of his parents strongly advise him not to do so, for it will bring him nothing, but miseries, it is also far too ambitious or far below his social status. Robinson is going against the will of his parents, but also against the will of nature, ' He press'd my earnestly (…) not to precipitate my sel into miseries which nature and the station of life I was born in, seem'd to have provided against'. Here we have the concept of social determinism that Karl Marx will

Related Documents