Developing Health Policies in Developed and Undeveloped Countries

850 Words 4 Pages
Developing Health Policies in Developed and Undeveloped Countries
The purpose of this paper is to review some of the literature available surrounding the complexities of developing health policies in both developed and developing countries.
Comparative Health Systems: Global Perspectives in the 21st Century
Johnson and Stoskopf (2008) converse in detail the complexities involved in creating health policies in developed and developing or undeveloped countries. The authors reflect that on an elementary level, health policy making is a complex political process that involves a diverse team of actors or participants including both governmental and nongovernmental, individuals as well as organizations, and inevitably leads to cost-quality
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When a country experiences such a failure in its healthcare system, the population suffers a lowered life expectancy and an increase in preventable deaths (Johnson & Stoskopf, 2008, p. 51). The authors contend that wider access to fundamental health services would save lives and serve as an instrument in the battle against poverty.
According to the authors, health care policy makers have an obligation to consider both the micro and macro level when making policy (Johnson & Stoskopf, 2008, Pp. 42-45). The micro level consists of individuals and other organizations, and it cannot be assumed that the government will shield these smaller groups. Policy making is the continual progression of an existing complex system at a macro level. This system’s model of policy making is cyclical, with a process of six continuous stages, including: Acknowledgment of suggestions, policy formulation process, policy production, implementation, outcomes, and feedback as well as resulting modifications (Johnson & Stoskopf, 2008, Pp. 42-45). In conclusion, Johnson and Stoskopf (2008) admit that is not clear how the different nations of the world are going to meet the future health systems challenge. The authors admit that particularly in developed countries health allocation may be unavoidable, and on some level, all

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