This chapter provides a detailed review of the relevant literature that supports this study. This section is divided into the following sections. The first section examines generalizations concerning depression; The second section examines the increase of depression by 2030; The third section -Prevalence in other countries; The fourth section- Various theories; The fifth section- Etiology; The sixth section-Past explanations for depression; The seventh section-Themes; The eighth section- Types of depression; The ninth section- Gender differences; The tenth section- Culture; The eleventh section- Depression and ethnicity; The twelfth section- Under-recognition of depression; The thirteenth section- Depression in the nursing home; The
…show more content…
One reason for this is that nursing care providers may not be skilled in the recognition of depression; may be skilled in the recognition of depression, yet are not utilizing the education. Nurses may be too overwhelmed from having too many patients to care for, thus not having time for assessments. Depression if not treated appropriately could lead to death. The elderly suffers from other illnesses that could mask depressive symptoms; therefore it is important to assess this population for depression using tools designed specifically for detection of depression in the elderly.
Depression causes great suffering to millions of Americans, (Rosenthal, 2002) and is the most frequent mental health problem, and is among the most serious. (Gilbert, 1992). Depression is responsible for the majority of suicide deaths; and those most vulnerable to suicide are depressed and also have lost hope (Minkoff et al., 1973; Wetzel, 1976). O’Connor, et al. (2010) stated that depression affects nearly 18.8 million adult or approximately 9.9% of the adult in a given year, and in 2002, it was estimated that 15% of adults’ aged 65 and older had a depressive disorder. The author goes on to mention that by 2030 the numbers of older adults with depression will nearly double the current numbers. (O’Connor et al., 2010). Depressive disorders have been with mankind since the beginning of