Cultural Decay in T.S. Eliot’s The Waste Land and Maddy’s NO Past, NO Present, NO Future

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Cultural Decay in T.S. Eliot’s poem "The Waste Land" and Yulisa Amadu Maddy’s novel NO Past, NO Present, NO Future

In both T.S. Eliot’s poem "The Waste Land" and Yulisa Amadu Maddy’s novel NO Past, NO Present, NO Future, the characters experience a downfall. It is human nature, though, to experience some sort of self-destruction. W.B. Yeats wrote the line "Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold." Humanity tends to cling to that which is most destructive to itself, whether it is intended or not. Maddy and Eliot both describe their deteriorating cultures as holding together. People are too fearful of breaking away from what is accepted and tend to fall in line, even if it results in the demise of a society.

In the novel No Past,
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This would work to further infuriate the other two, moving the three brothers even further apart.

Maddy used the relationship between Joe, Ade, and Santigie to symbolize the culture of Bauya. The majority of the Bauyans felt oppressed by the African whites and Europeans that ran the Bauyan government and economy. Although there is always a feeling for the oppressed to stick together, the relationship can be quickly jeopardized for individual gain. This was made obvious in the boys’ job at a railway department. They were critical of the European traders for taking advantage of the Bauyans, but the boys were quick to charge the Bauyans to earn extra kamaboroh for themselves. Then after moving to Europe, the boys continued to contact each other despite the harmful nature of their relationship. It seemed to be destiny for them to experience self-destruction as a trio, even if it was their own relationship that drove them to it.

Besides the demise of their relationship, the trio also experienced a moral destruction. In the beginning, Joe joined the mission house with good intentions. He wanted an education and was seeking friendship and security. The turning point in the brothers’ morality came when Ade was taken out of school by his parents for raping a young peasant girl. As Ade was turned to the streets, he began to live a life of corruption. Joe and Santigie became jealous of

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