Essay on Cultural Change in Canada

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Cultural Change in Canada
Pierre Trudeau stated that English Canada didn't have a culture and he wanted to give it one. He wanted Canada to be a strong country when Canadians of all provinces felt at home in all parts of the country, and when they felt that all Canada belongs to them (Trudeau, 1971) Trudeau encouraged immigration and thought these immigrants will assimilate and strengthen Canada. He wanted Canada to be a society where people were all equal and where they can share some fundamental values based upon freedom. After 1971, the government proclaimed a policy of multiculturalism and Canada went from an all Caucasian community to a multicultural community. Because of Canada’s different cultures and ethnic groups, it was often
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A few years later, a new Immigration Act was passed to prevent restriction of any immigrants based on ethnic race and culture but immigrants that were considered unacceptable by the Canadian government were excluded from Canada. Throughout the years, the domestic immigration law went through many major changes, particularly with the Immigration Act, and the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act. After the World War 1, Canada restricted immigrants from Germany and from other World War 1enemy countries but this restriction was lifted in 1923. Many people from Germany, Austria and some from Eastern European countries began to settle in Canada when Ottawa signed an agreement with the Canadian Pacific and the Canadian National Railways. In 1930, the Great Depression began, and Canada fell into an economic crash so, Canada started allowing people to immigrate with adequate money to establish themselves on a farm. Prime Minister Mackenzie had a new direction of Canada’s immigration policy and repeals the 1923 Act of not allowing Chinese immigrates and removed the fifty-dollar head tax. Finally in the year of 1962, a reform was passed that eliminated racial discrimination in Canada’s immigration policy. Canada began to accept more immigrants to Canada and created the Points System which allowed people to come to Canada not based on racial criteria but, based on education, age, personal characteristics, and fluency in French or English. If these immigrants met the

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