1. What is Peace?
What precisely is peace? Is it something we desire or is it something we hope to avoid? Peace can be defined as a state in which there is little to no conflict on an individual level and a societal level. In times of peace there is also economic and social prosperity. To understand the definition of peace one must first understand the premises of its definition. Thus, we must answer the following questions: What does it mean to have little to no conflict and what constitutes economic and social prosperity? These questions will be answered in the following paragraphs.
First, we must identify the meaning of little to no conflict on both an individual and societal level. Conflict is a discrepancy in the beliefs or desires
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Since conflicts that occur in society, such as gun control, same sex marriages, and racial discrimination, are complex and significant to most of the individuals in our society these conflicts are not easily solved and thus dissolve the state of peace. There cannot be peace while conflicts such as these are disputed over. These conflicts require the involvement of government and politics to mediate the resolution of our society’s discrepancies. For this reason, conflicts that occur during times of peace do not require the involvement of government nor outside sources of mediation. On an individual level, it should be considered acceptable to turn to friends, family, colleagues, and teachers for advice on how to resolve a conflict. However, if the solution to the conflict is of great consequence, then this conflict is no longer considered a conflict that satisfies the conditions necessary for peace because it cannot be resolved with ease. This is also why conflicts such as drug addictions, mental disorders, and relationship problems that require rehabilitation and/or psychological therapy are not conflicts that satisfy the conditions for peace because they require extensive mediation and often they involve overcoming a great deal of emotional and physical pain. On a societal level, peace is often not achievable because most of the time the government must be involved to resolve conflict. For example, in the early 1930s African Americans began to fight against