Civil Rights and Employment Discrimination Essay

724 Words 3 Pages
Discrimination in employment law is taking job-related action against an employee on the basis of their age, race, skin color, religion, national origin, or gender. The categories listed are known as protected classes. Employers cannot use employee membership in a protected class when deciding how to treat employees (Disparate Treatment) or when making promotion or advancement decisions (Disparate Impact). Some Federal law only applies to companies that employ a certain number of individuals. The following case is an example of the reasonability test applied by the courts in a discrimination case.

If employees are harassed by coworkers, supervisors, or employer agents because of an employee’s membership in a protected class, the
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Special situations and protections exist in discrimination. These special situations include:
Pregnancy: Discrimination due to pregnancy is prohibited, although pregnancy is not always protected. Employers can discriminate against pregnancy if the policy is not just pregnancy related, such as a job that requires lifting.
Family Responsibility: Discrimination can occur if an employer makes job-related decisions because an employee has family responsibilities such as taking care of children.
English-Only Laws: It is lawful for employers to require employees to speak English when it is necessary for work. However, employers may create a hostile working environment by requiring employees to only speak English when it is not necessary for the job, such as when speaking on the phone to a family member.
International Employees: Where local laws do not conflict with Federal law, employees of U.S. companies working internationally enjoy the same Federal protections as if they were in the U.S.
Family and Medical Leave: Eligible employees can take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave per year to attend to domestic responsibilities, such as the birth of a child or caring for family members. An employee can also take unpaid leave if they have a serious medical condition that renders the employee unable to do his or her job.
Disabled Employees: Employers must make “reasonable

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