Essay Bioengineering and Its Subsidiary Fields

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Bioengineering and the Flaws of Consequentialism Pierce College Abstract In 1973 the first bacteria were genetically modified. In 1974 mice were genetically modified. And in 1982 genetically modified bacteria capable of producing insulin were commercialized. Genetically modified food has been sold since 1994. In a similar time frame, the ideologies of stem cell research and therapeutic reproductive cloning have come to fruition. It is the aim of this paper to demonstrate through consequentialist ethical reasoning, particularly using the concepts of utilitarianism and relativism that no definitive judgment can be made on the morality and ethical correctness of bioengineering and its subsidiary fields of genetic manipulation, stem cell …show more content…
Human insulin was first genetically engineered in 1978 and by the early 1980s the United States Supreme Court and the Food and Drug Administration had weighed in on the topic. Additionally in the 1980s, some of the first trials of genetically engineered plants were tested, the success of which fast-tracked the science of bioengineered foods to the rest of the world. By 2009, 11 transgenic crops were being grown commercially world-wide. All totaled between 1980 and 2010 the world saw the introduction of the first cloned animal, the first synthetic bacteria “Synthia”, bacterial produced human insulin, a judicial protection ruling for the patenting of genetically altered life, the complete decoding of the human genome and later the first commercial offering of DNA analysis for personal use. From its onset as a widely accepted science, bioengineering has been mired in ethical controversy. The intentions, in each of the above mentioned projects, seem to be focused on aiding human life in every respect. In the area of agricultural engineering the goal is to create healthier, robust, environmentally resistant plants to feed more people. In the area of genetic engineering the goal is to identify hazardous genes to work towards possible cures and preventative medicines, synthesize vital treatments where curing is

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