Homer's great epic, "The Odyssey" was written several thousands of years ago, a time in human history when men played the dominant role in society. The entire structure of civilization was organized and controlled by men; It was an accepted fact that women held an inferior position in society. Society was constructed as if women were around only to serve the men. The involvement of women in any circumstance was almost completely dominated by what the men allowed. The women were valued in society, only they were not given important roles or any decision making power. It is as if they held no power in the ancient Greek society. This is why Homer's Odyssey is very unique, Homer put women into roles that were previously unheard of for women to
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She becomes involved in the journey of Odysseus, frequently disguising herself to appear as a mere mortal. Also, she sends symbols throughout the epic, by commonly transforming into birds and taking flight over significant events. Even though she gives Odysseus the support he needs to triumph, she allows him to fight his own war against his many foes throughout his journey. Athena also goes to Telemakhos to help him through his own personal mission. Coming to him various times in disguise, and also in his dreams. Athena is a Goddess that is confident, practical, intelligent, and very crafty. She is a master of disguise, which is very important in Odysseus' world. These characteristic make her such an important character in "The Odyssey." It's clear to see that she is the major reason that Odysseus was able to return home safely.
Athena is a Goddess with a lot of power over mortals, but Zeus has the power over the Gods and Goddess. He is the chief and he makes very imperative decisions that affect all Gods and mortals on earth. Athena tells Zeus of Odysseus' fate on the island with Calypso, and how she thinks that Odysseus should be freed and allowed to venture home to Ithaka. She approaches Zeus and says to him; "O majesty, O father of us all, if it now please the blissful gods that wise Odysseus reach his home again, let the Wayfinder, Hermes, cross the sea to the island of Ogygia; let him tell our fixed intent to the nymph with