Apartheid, Globalization, and South Africa Essay
In 1991 President Frederik Willem de Klerk of South Africa succumbed to the pressures of international economic sanctions, officially repealed the apartheid laws and called for the drafting of a new constitution. Just three years later, Nelson Mandela became the President of South Africa in the country’s first multi-racial election. Apartheid’s end may never have come, however, were it not for the improved efficiency of communication between states, the increased economic interdependency between those states, and the emergence of international non-governmental organizations (INGOs) that make national borders all but invisible and chip away at Westphalian sovereignty. The existence of such factors allowed for …show more content…
By the time economic sanctions had been imposed on the country, it was almost too late. IBM computers were up and operating and there was no shutting them down. Much to the good fortune of the oppressed people of the nation, however, the economic sanctions finally did take their toll thanks mainly to South Africa’s need to rejoin the rapidly growing international economy. Ironically, this system of “globalization” that not only begat South Africa’s troubles, but also sustained them over the better part of the 20th century, proved to be the system that brought about South Africa’s liberation from apartheid.
Globalization, as former chief economist to the World Bank Joseph Stiglitz defines it, “is the closer integration of the countries and peoples of the world which