Football academies are environments in which promising footballers are trained and developed with the goal of becoming elite senior athletes (Crust, Nesti & Littlewood, 2010). English academies operate a dual sporting goal according to Isoard-Gautheur, Guillet-Ducas & Duda (2013), in which they aim to teach and help athlete’s master skills, but also have an obligation to ensure enough athletes break through into the senior team. Academies train athletes from the ages of 10 to 18 on a part time format, using elite coaches and elite competition between other academies to enhance their player’s ability (Crust, Nesti & Littlewood, 2010). Academies are very much utilised as a progressive filter, which begins with a large number of athletes at
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Research thenbased in achievement goal theory ( ) suggested that motivational climate variations and how youth athletes define competency and success has a significant influence on the onset of athletic burnout. The present study therefore will examine the impact of perceived coaching motivational climate & achievement goal setting on athletic burnout in academy footballers, before and after a coaching intervention.
Athletic Burnout is an experiential syndrome that weakens both the physical and mental condition of an athlete (Curran, Appleton, Hill & Hall, 2013; Hill, 2013; Smith, Gustafsson & Hassmen, 2010). Around 6-11% of elite athletes are estimated to suffer from high levels of athletic burnout, while around 15% of athletes are considered to experience moderate symptoms of athletic burnout at some point in their career (Eklund & Cresswell, 2007; Gould, Dieffenbach, 2002). Despite these figures seeming reasonably small, Cresswell & Eklund (2005) state that athletic burnout is on the rise, and implore that the issue be taken seriously due to its debilitating effects being both physically and psychological. According to Gustafsson, Kentta, & Hassmen (2011), one particular population of athletes that could be particularly vulnerable to the detrimental effects of burnout are aspiring youth athletes, and therefore suggest research focus on the antecedents of burnout within this population.
Past research has been hampered by the