Wulpen Water Treatment Project Analysis

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Averagely, the facility serves about 300 people daily and also provided biogas for cooking in a nearby kiosk. A biogas plant was constructed with a capacity of 54 cubic meters which uses anaerobic method to pre-treat the black and grey water from the toilet, wash basins etc. Treated effluent was discharged to an existing public sewer and the accumulated sludge was removed once a year and used as fertilizer. The biogas was piped to a nearby café where it was used for cooking. A water trap chamber was installed next to the biogas plant, in order to collect condensed water in the pipe (Rieck and Onyango, 2010).
Compared to Africa and other continents of the world, Europe has plenty of water resources and water has long been considered as an inexhaustible
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There is a growing interest about recycle and reuse namely for industrial water supply (cooling water in power plants, food processing plants, textile industry) although the parcel of treated effluent that is reused is limited. The most important reuse project in the country is located in Wulpen, where treated wastewater is reused for indirect potable water supply. The Wulpen Water Treatment Project treats 2.5 million milligrammes per year by microfiltration, reverse osmosis and the effluent is stored for one to two months in the aquifer prior abstraction, in order to produce potable water (Marecos Do Monte, 2007).
In the case of Cyprus, the reuse of treated wastewater is an important contribution to the solution of water scarcity and deterioration of bathing water on the beaches, which are growing as constriction factors to tourism development. Irrigation for agriculture, landscape, green areas in hotel and golf courses is the main application of treated wastewater in the country (Zachariou,
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Consequently, the majority of reuse projects are located in the islands and Mediterranean coastal area of France, although there are important reuse projects in other parts of the country (Alcamo, 2000). Tsagariakis (2000) observes that as a matter of fact, France has a long tradition in irrigation with treated wastewater that was initiated in the 19th century. In Acheres, close to Paris, the capital’s wastewater was applied on soil up to the 1940’s. Again, unplanned indirect water reuse is common in France through the abstraction of surface water diluted with wastewater to treat for the production of drinking water. Furthermore, in France reuse for agricultural irrigation is the major application. There are over 3000 hectares in France where treated wastewater is used to irrigate gardening crops, orchard fruit, cereals, trees, grassland and golf courses. The reuse of industrial wastewater after purification to supply cooling water, wash water or even process water after sophisticated complementary treatment is also widely developed in France (Estrela, 2001).
Tsagariakis (2000) explains that as a typical Mediterranean country, Greece suffers of heavy water imbalance along the year, consequently, high demand for water is observed particularly in summer. Thus, the existing wastewater

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