With Reference to a Named Global Ecosystem, Assess the Global and Local Value of Its Goods and Services.

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With reference to a named global ecosystem, assess the global and local value of its goods and services. (15 marks)

A global ecosystem is system, or a group of interconnected elements, formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their environment. The ecosystem that I would be writing about is the coral reef in the Maldives. The main characteristics of a coral reef is that they are found close near the shore where the sea temperature is no more below 18 degrees or above 24 degrees. They cannot grow in water no deeper than 25m. The latitude that the coral reefs are found is between 30 north and 30 south which will explain why they are located in tropical oceans near the equator. Goods and services are the outcome of human
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This therefore protects the local economy too. At a global scale it can also protect it from tsunamis from the Maldives but also the neighboring countries too. This therefore can keep the earth’s system going. The coral reef also provides a virtual nutrient for marine animals that are herbivorous feeders part of photosynthesis, which is a global value for the ecosystem.

Product services can also be provided by the coral reef such as minerals. The coral reef is very rich in chemical compounds, some of these chemical compounds are used to make medicine, so the value of the coral reef globally is very important. Coral reefs provide essential shelter, feeding, nursery and spawning grounds for a number of marine organisms including reef-associated fish. This therefore provides jobs for fishers, which at a local value is good for the local economy. In addition the removal and processing of the fish for the markets also provides opportunities for employment in factories in global markets, which therefore provides a global value.

Supporting services can also be provided by the coral reef. Coral reefs support more species per unit area than any other marine environment, including about 4,000 species of fish, 800 species of hard corals and hundreds of other species. At a global value this is beneficial as it provides a sustainable cycle for the animals in the ecosystem. Coral reefs have algae; in the algae is fixed nitrogen, a

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