What Are The Pros And Cons Of The Underage Drinking

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There is extreme controversy over the topic of establishing a policy to lower the drinking age from 21 to 18. Underage drinking is currently a very prevalent issue in the United States, so this political problem has a great impact on public health issues as well. There are approximately 5,000 underage adolescents that die from car wrecks, other injuries, homicides and suicides that are associated with underage drinking ("APIS - Highlight on Underage Drinking"). Laws restricting access to alcohol by youth was enacted in the 20th century and by 1933 the 18th amendment held restrictions on consumption and possession of alcoholic beverages by youth ("APIS - Highlight on Underage Drinking"). At one point the drinking age was lowered from 21 to 18, however there was research that linked lower drinking ages to increased cases of alcohol-related car wrecks ("APIS - Highlight on Underage Drinking"). By 1984 congress enacted the national minimum drinking age act which is still in effect ("APIS - Highlight on Underage Drinking"). There have been several dollars put into preventing underage drinking as well as keeping today’s youth healthy and aware of the effects of alcohol and drug use. The possible pros and cons to this issue are further …show more content…
One survey showed that between ages 18-20 they most commonly obtain their alcohol from those of ages 21-24, thus lowering the age will result in the trickle- down effect (). Keeping the mandatory legal drink age at 21 can help prevent the binge drinking (procon). Binge drinking can impact brain development by causing irreversible brain damage, cognitive deficits and memory problems (cnn). Researchers say that teenage years are very significant for brain development due to the neurons growing and strengthening, as well as making connections that allow the brain to transmit information faster

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