Essay on Water Scarcity Of The Nile River Basin

1661 Words Dec 5th, 2016 7 Pages
Flowing or stagnant, fresh or salty, cold or warm, lake or river: water is earth’s essential resource. Responsible for the flourishing of life around the globe: this resource can also result in devastating conflict. The Nile River has given life to eleven Northern African countries for centuries. Fed by melting snow in the mountains, meager precipitation, and small tributaries (Swain 2008), this international river has always been a source of animosity. In modern times, as the climate is changing, population is rapidly growing, and as water is utilized in an increasing variety of ways, the water of the Nile River has been flooded with conflict and controversy, especially the three crucial countries of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan.
The root problem of the disputes in the Nile River Basin is a shortage of water, caused by a variety of interconnected issues including human population growth, climate change, and increased uses of water due to new technology. Several countries in the basin already suffer from critical water scarcity, including Burundi, Kenya, and Rwanda. Egypt and Sudan are projected to experience this same stage of scarcity by 2025 (Brunnée 2008). Even now, every single country in the Basin suffers from some level of water deficiency. Human population growth is one of the key causes of water scarcity, as well as environmental degradation, in the Nile River Basin area. The total population of the Nile Basin countries was around 300 million people ten years ago and…

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