Essay on Vietnam : A Strong Anti Japanese Movement

1286 Words May 19th, 2016 null Page
Vietnam had been a French colony before the World War 2. During the war Vietnam was occupied by the Japanese. A strong anti-Japanese movement (the Vietminh) was led by Ho Chi Minh who sympathised with Communist ideas.

The Vietminh controlled the north of the country and wanted an independent Vietnam when the war ended. The French came back in 1945 wanting to rule Vietnam again. War broke out with the Vietminh.

The USA began to worry about the communists dominating all south east Asia as China sent more aid to the Vietminh. It sent aid to France and helped the French set up a noncommunist government in the south. The French were defeated and the peace treaty recognised a Communist north and a non-Communist south in 1954. Because they were afraid that the Communists would win American influence stopped national elections being held in the south.

We must understand how and why American intervention increased. Naturally Ho Chi Minh was upset that elections had not been held. He started guerrilla warfare against the government in the south. Because Russia would veto any action the US knew that it could not get the UN to intervene.

An increasing amount of money, military equipment and advisers were sent to help the government of the south. It made very little difference. The Viet Cong fought a very effective guerrilla war.

The South 's government was about to collapse by 1965. The USA decided to send its own troops. After Kennedy was assassinated in November 1963, Johnson…

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