Urban Development Case Study

1060 Words 5 Pages
Introduction
Urban development is constantly growing in today’s society due to the world’s population growth and many people are wanting to live in Urban areas as opposed to rural areas. In the 30-year period between 2000 and 2030 the United Nations has estimated that the world population will significantly increase and the majority of this increase will occur in urban centres (Daniels et al., 2012). This reinforces the idea that the population is preferring to live in urban environments and thus putting pressure on cities in terms of urbanisation and development. There are many key factors which drive urban development, in this essay three key factors which are facilitating urban development will be explored and examined. These are population
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For example, Auckland accommodates roughly 31% of New Zealand’s population which is becoming an issue for types of housing, this is also reinforced by the fact that the Auckland population has grown by 500,000 people since the 1970s (Dixon & Dupuis, 2003). This clearly shows that Auckland’s population growth and the amount of people it is trying to accommodate will be straining the housing market. The economic system is under severe pressure because of the stress the ever growing population is putting on the system, in terms of the different aspects such as employment and housing due to the fact our system can has limits as to the amount of pressure it can withhold (Getis, et al., 2011). Overall it is evident that the key factor of population growth is driving urbanisation because of the fact that if the population was not growing, we would not have a reason to expand cities and thus cities would remain …show more content…
This is because in today’s society many people are choosing urban areas over rural because they offer more than a rural community can. Resources tie into this because many urban centres have education systems, medical centres, supermarkets and a vast range of other things including jobs. Therefore, people are drawn to urban areas for a better quality of life. Population growth in terms of how many people live in the cities has been increasing since 1800s when it was approximately around 3% of the global population and now it is roughly 50%, displaying a 47% increase (Getis, et al., 2011). From this it is evident that many people are moving from rural to urban locations as a result of more resources and opportunities the urban areas can offer in comparison to rural areas. This movement is facilitating urban development due to the fact that cities must accommodate the population whom are moving to the cities and as a result urban development and city growth occurs.
Conclusion
In conclusion it is clear that the three key drivers of population growth, technology and urban to rural movement are facilitating and driving urban development in today’s society. These drivers also cross over and interact with each other but also relate to some of the different types of contemporary cities within New Zealand and

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