Understanding The Pathophysiology Of Asthma Essay
Asthma is triggered by common risk factors such as:
• Environmental exposures (e.g. tobacco smoking or exposure)
• Toxins (e.g. pollutants in the air)
• viral infections (e.g. respiratory infections)
• allergens (e.g. dust)
• And intrinsic factors: such as stress, exercise and dietary changes (Mims, 2015).
The exposure to environmental triggers, increases production of mucus due to the inflammatory and immunological responses. The immunologic antibody IgE attaches itself to the trigger, therefore a reaction signals the eosinophils, neutrophils and T lymphocytes in the circulation to the airways (Holgate & Sly, 2014). In conjunction, the alveolar macrophages and mast cells, are mediators that trigger an allergic response to environmental triggers, which live in the alveoli (Holgate & Sly, 2014). The immunologic antibody…