Essay on U.s. Grand Strategies Foreign Policy
While there is a general consensus that in the post-Cold War era, the United States emerged as the world’s unipolar superpower, the role of superpower continues to be widely debated. Political realists err on the cautious side and see other state actors as possible threats not only to the balance of power, but also to the U.S. itself. Realist policy prepares for the worst. Neoconservatives believe that the U.S.’s democratic idea and values must be shared with those who don’t have them, and the only fit actor to do so is the United States. I must urge the application of realist theory to influence grand strategy of U.S. Foreign Policy. A realist approach is superior than to neoconservative theory as it is more economically sound, ensures the security of the U.S. and its citizens, and is far more ethical than strategies presented by neoconservatives.
Realists believe that any U.S. attempt to further expand their unipolar status and practice activism, will eventually fail at their cause. Realists look to historical data, in which they find that no unipolar superpower has ever stayed unipolar, which leads them to believe no state actor will. Realists see a policy of activism as prolonging the inevitable, or in some cases actually speeding the process up (Layne 14). This happens because, “In a unipolar world, systemic constraints-balancing, uneven growth rates, and the sameness effect-impel…