Not all theorists agree that in modern industrial societies education is meritocratic. Although functionalists argue that education is meritocratic and allows person earn what they work for, the Marxists present another argument; that meritocracy is a myth. This essay will show how meritocracy is true to a certain point however it is not always seen.
Functionalist argues that modern industrial societies have to perform a range of functions ad as a result a sophisticated mechanism is necessary to select individuals according to their talents and train them for jobs best suited to their talents. Parsons agrees stating that schools are a neutral filtering …show more content…
Furthermore Bowles and Gintis (1976) argue that there is a relationship correspondence between the nature of work in the capitalist theory and the nature of schooling. This argument brought about theory of the “correspondence theory”. The correspondence theory states that that new generations of workers are appropriately schooled to accept their roles and positions within the capitalist society. Hence the educational system is one of the reproduction mechanisms through which students are divided. By providing skills, legitimating inequalities in economic positions, and facilitating certain types of social intercourse among individuals, education patterns personal development around the requirements of alienated work. The educational system reproduces the capitalist social division of labour, in part,