Summary: Social Disorganization Theory

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The aim of this research is to identify three social factors for youth gang involvement, while referring to the social disorganization theory. In this paper I argue that youth join gangs because of the crime-ridden neighborhoods, poor structural education system, and peer gang affiliation. Social Disorganization theory is able to explain crime-ridden neighborhoods, and poor structural education system as reasons for youth gang involvement, but it is unable to account for why peers gang affiliation lead youth to join gangs.
In terms of sociology, the social disorganization theory has been identified as the most significant theory in relation with ecological theory, developed by Shaw and McKay at the school in Chicago. They developed the social
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Communities with poor systems of education, crimes are bound to rise as the education in place cannot support the youths with jobs (Young et al. 2014). Youth’s in poor structural education system are raised in disorganized environment that motivate youth to join gangs.
The social factor that motivates youth to join gangs is the peer gang affiliation. Gilman et al. (2014) argue that involvement with the criminal peers has been associated with youth to join gangs. Young et al. (2014) contend that the parental influence over youth decreases that will increase contact of youth with peer gang’s result in persuading the youth to join gangs.
Social disorganization theory cannot explain the peer gang affiliation factor for youth to join gangs. Social disorganization theory cannot explain youth gangs on the basis that criminal behaviour is learned through interaction with another person. Social disorganization theory is able to explain the crime rate in a disorganized social structure like neighborhoods change and lack of resources (Lilly et al. 2015). The theory is primarily focused on the disorganized neighbourhoods that motivate youth to join

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