Summary: Social Disorganization Theory
In terms of sociology, the social disorganization theory has been identified as the most significant theory in relation with ecological theory, developed by Shaw and McKay at the school in Chicago. They developed the social …show more content…
Communities with poor systems of education, crimes are bound to rise as the education in place cannot support the youths with jobs (Young et al. 2014). Youth’s in poor structural education system are raised in disorganized environment that motivate youth to join gangs.
The social factor that motivates youth to join gangs is the peer gang affiliation. Gilman et al. (2014) argue that involvement with the criminal peers has been associated with youth to join gangs. Young et al. (2014) contend that the parental influence over youth decreases that will increase contact of youth with peer gang’s result in persuading the youth to join gangs.
Social disorganization theory cannot explain the peer gang affiliation factor for youth to join gangs. Social disorganization theory cannot explain youth gangs on the basis that criminal behaviour is learned through interaction with another person. Social disorganization theory is able to explain the crime rate in a disorganized social structure like neighborhoods change and lack of resources (Lilly et al. 2015). The theory is primarily focused on the disorganized neighbourhoods that motivate youth to join