Themes Of Alienation In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein

Mary Shelley puts many themes into the 1818 book, Frankenstein. Throughout the book she presents these themes thought the characters actions and what happens to the characters. Many of these themes and actions represent what was going on in Mary Shelley’s life at the time she wrote the book. Most of the themes are debatable issues Shelley’s thoughts on them. Three of the main themes of the novel are birth and creation; alienation; and the family and the domestic affections. One of the themes that is discussed in the novel is creation and birth. She examines this theme though the main character of the novel, victor frakinstien. Throughout the novel, victor in obsessed with taking the role of a mother and create an actual human being. This …show more content…
Most of Victor 's sufferings in the novel are brought about his alienation. The creating of the monster and keeping it a secret led about to his downfall in the end.
Shelly also brings the theme of alienation to the monster. The problems the monster has from alienation did not come about because he alienated himself. The monsters alienation is caused by victor and the rest of the world not excepting him because of the way he looks.
“His yellow skin scarcely covered the work of muscles and arteries beneath ... his watery eyes, that seemed almost of the same color as the dun-white sockets in which they were set, his shrivelled complexion and straight black lips.” (page 56)
Victor abandons him, thus making the monster have to fend for himself. When he enter the village, people did not respect the monster at a real person because of his appearance. He said:
“But I had hardly placed my foot within the door before the children shrieked, and one of the women fainted.” (page
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Now he longs for love and companion. But he knows that now human will ever accept him. So he retaliates with violent, even saying “I am malicious because I am miserable” (140) This means that he is only violent because he wants to escape the alienation he faces, but as being violent is how people act toward him, he will act the same way to people. He commands victor to create a wife to end the monsters misery. However, Victor destroys this female before its finished. The monster retaliates by killing Elizabeth, who is Victor 's wife, in an eye-for-an-eye tooth for tooth kind of way. Shelley seems to be criticizing the way in which society judges people because of their looks, which is how the monster reflects the theme of alienation in the novel.
The last theme to be analyzed is Shelley’s view on family and the domestic affections in the novel. In many cases, there are examples of the perfect family, such as victors own family that he viewed as a paradise or heavenly place. In the novel, the home is also a place where refuge and sanctuary can be found. This is seen as when Victor is sick and depressed, he returns home to recover, under the care of his presiding angel Elizabeth, and to be surrounded by his 'perfect '

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