Madness Theme In Hamlet

Improved Essays
Throughout Shakespeare’s writing, he develops a common theme that many forms of madness leads to death. He illustrates the theme through his character such as those portrayed in the tragedy of Hamlet. These characters are overtaken by their own form of madness. The descent into insanity lead to characters’ taking extreme actions. Shakespeare implies the theme of madness throughout the plot of Hamlet. Madness is portrayed through the protagonist, Hamlet and spreads like a plague to those around him. Hamlet’s madness begins when he visualizes his father’s ghost, revealing the truth behind his death. Exposed to the idea that his uncle, Claudius has murdered King Hamlet, Hamlet sets out with determination to avenge his father’s wrongful death. He then decides that he would first need to confirm the truth behind his father’s words. …show more content…
When those who know his begin to question his mental state, Polonius believes that is it because of Hamlet’s love towards his daughter, Ophelia. Ophelia is forbidden to associate with Hamlet which drives him into insanity. A play is arranged by Hamlet which depicts the re-enactment of his father’s death. Upon Claudius’ reaction, Hamlet confirms that what his father has said is true. Hamlet’s sanity deteriorates further and causes him to mistakenly kill Polonius. Claudius realizing that Hamlet is suspicious, begins to descend into madness caused by fear of being revealed. When news of her father’s death reaches Ophelia, she is overcome by madness due to her sorrow. Men have always dictated Ophelia’s actions throughout her life, this making her dependent on them. Now as Hamlet and her Father are no longer in her life, Ophelia’s sanity is lost. Through her actions a gentleman notices and tells the Queen,
“She speaks much of her father; says she

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Hamlet's Madness

    • 981 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Polonius realizes Hamlet’s madness, so he believes Hamlet will propose to Ophelia untruthfully. Ophelia’s brother, Laertes, also warns her Hamlet’s love is no longer the same as it once was. All these things combined make Ophelia become mad. She cannot handle the loss of her own father and the loss of Hamlet’s love. As the play continues Ophelia’s madness begins to get increasing worse.…

    • 981 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    In William Shakespeare’s tragedy Hamlet, Claudius establishes himself as responsible for the death and destruction of many characters through the heinous act of murdering his brother, King Hamlet. Early in the play, a ghost, who resembles the dead King, appears to Hamlet and tells him the truth about his death. He was in fact murdered by Claudius. Hamlet becomes vengeful and begins to take on an act of lunacy. After Hamlet discovers the truth of his father’s death, his need for revenge escalates and causes a chain of events that influence many of the character’s actions and behaviors all leading back to Claudius.…

    • 1990 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    The ghost implores Hamlet to seek revenge upon his Uncle for the traitorous act of poisoning the King. Shakespeare is known for writing about death and attracting the audience of his many plays to the intricate lives of his developed characters. The notion of revenge pulls the audience into the storyline of Hamlet’s insanity and revenge plot. Hamlet is faced…

    • 1514 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Hamlet sees the appearance of his father 's ghost, who tells him that his brother murdered him in order to marry his wife and take over his kingdom. At first, Hamlet is scared and in awe of his father’s appearance. He chooses to follow it and listen to what it has to say. Hamlet promises that he will have revenge for him; however he is afraid that he is not significant enough to take on such a task. His father tells him that his brother’s lust caused him to do awful, unnatural things.…

    • 1018 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Polonius is saying the Hamlet is depressed because of his love for his daughter. His depression has sent him down a slippery slope to insanity. Polonius compares Hamlet to a weakness, because he has become Claudius’s biggest problem and therefore an Achilles heel for the Kingdom of Denmark. This shows that Hamlet is being carefully watched by both Claudius and Polonius as he continuously acts more insane every hour. Gertrude is not convinced that love is the reason for Hamlet’s insanity.…

    • 1172 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    What’s the point? The thing that most bother Hamlet is not his father’s death but the sudden marriage of his mother with his uncle Claudius. Because he thinks if someone is forgotten so quickly after his death, then life has really no meaning at all. Hamlet insistently raises the specter of death, through the use of words and images in his language. And the distressful end of the play in which the protagonist dies, and caused the death of many others.…

    • 1406 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    William Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, is a tragic story about the struggles of a prince named Hamlet who seeks to avenge his father’s death. Hamlet is so determined to sabotage his uncle, who has taken his father’s crown and is responsible for the crime, that Hamlet himself increasingly becomes insane. Family bonds and friendships are broken as death begins to claim their loved ones and vengeance becomes the primary mindset of the characters. As the play progresses, three prominent themes of death, revenge, and madness drive the plot to its end through the characters. Death is the most obvious and reoccurring theme displayed in Hamlet beginning with the death of King Hamlet.…

    • 754 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Mousetrap In Hamlet

    • 1477 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Therefore, it caught the conscience of the king for his awful act of murder of Hamlet?s father. Hamlet follows him outside, which provides Hamlet with both his first opportunity to kill Claudius and his start of procrastination. Hamlet?s tragic flaw of procrastination has truly affected him and is leading to his downfall. He has reached the point of considering killing himself. ?…

    • 1477 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Great Essays

    Therefore, when his friends try discover the reason for his madness. Meanwhile Polonius thinks Hamlet is insane due to his daughter Ophelia who had rejected Hamlet love. Therefore, Polonius decided to set Ophelia on Hamlet by leaving them alone. Hamlet had now decided to attended the players to see if they can play the tragedy of his father death and to catch Claudius reaction. When Hamlet was alone with Ophelia, Polonius was watching both along with Claudius to hear and observe both having a conversation.…

    • 1548 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Additionally, the camaraderie between them doesn 't help the situation because Hamlet evidentually abandons Ophelia for the revenge of his father. As the Parallels stop there, the foil begins with Hamlet not blindly trusting people but testing them before accepting or rejecting their actions as true. In another aspect, Ophelia acts based on her emotions and what others tell her as to where Hamlet uses his mind (very extensively). This leads to the very anger Hamlet feels for Ophelia due to her naivete and innocence to events going on in the castle like how she is being deceived by her father. In which Hamlet is using her as a sounding board to pass off his madness plan, so it is believable to the other patrons listening to their conversation.…

    • 1014 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays