Agamemnon was the cause of the deadly plague. This causes Agamemnon to be mad and tries to seek revenge. He seeks revenge by taking away Achilles’s sex slave. Achilles becomes mad because he did not understand why he had to be effected by this. Achilles responds by also seeking revenge. The strong warrior decides not to help out in the battle even though the warriors needed him very much. Ajax, Odysseus, and Phineas were even sent to beg Achilles to come back to help fight but he still refuses to come. Achilles also seeks revenge when his lover, Patroclus is killed by Hector. Achilles rage starts to build up and he goes to war with Hector and kills him, and afterwards shaming his physical body. Achilles continues to abuse Hector even after he dies. Although Hector has dies, his physical body is still undergoing punishments and suffering. Homer uses the word, “shaming” to show that what Achilles is doing to Hector is shameful and will be seen as a disgrace to the Trojans. Not only does Hector kill Patroclus, but he also takes the armor that belong to Achilles in which Patroclus wore. This even makes Achilles rage begin to accumulate even more to a higher level.
Homer displays the theme of relationships throughout the poem in which relationship brings out the emotional side of Achilles and King Priam. Achilles’s lover was