The Theory Of The Earth By James Hutton Essay

1059 Words Aug 12th, 2016 null Page
For over two-thousand and five-hundred years the Old Testament has been accepted by many as historically accurate and inspired by God. Likewise, after the King James Version of the Holy Bible was published, it was considered by the Protestants to be the only accurate version of the Holy Bible and was infallible. The historical criticism of both the Old and New Testament began in middle 1700AD and since early 1900AD a more scientific view became established concerning the history of the texts of both Testaments. Because of the languages, different cultural influences and the historical chronology the Old Testament and New Testament, the separation of these two texts frequently became necessary.

Many claim that biblical criticism began in 1788AD, when James Hutton wrote and published a book called "The Theory of the Earth" which explained geology and how the Earth developed. This book discredited the Old Testament along with the Book of Genesis, by scientifically explaining the evolution of the Earth. By the early part of 1800AD, many people began to doubt the validity of the Holy Bible.

In fact, biblical criticism in the early 1900AD became divided between Higher Criticism and Lower Criticism. While Higher Criticism focuses on the biblical history and it 's composition by determining when and who wrote the biblical text, whereas, Lower Criticism focuses on who the authors wrote for as well as the changes to these texts over the last several centuries. The consensus of…

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