Analysis Of Calvin's Reply To Sadoleto

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The crux of Calvin’s “Reply to Sadoleto” focuses on the theological criticisms of Roman Catholicism and the formation of Reformation theology. Calvin argues that the Roman Catholic Church first and foremost silenced the Gospel, which led to the perversion of the four things on which the safety of the church is founded, which are doctrine, discipline, the sacraments, and ceremonies (9). In order to purify these vital elements of the church, the Catholic Church needs to change its perspective on the understanding of true faith, the true church, and the authority of the universal church.

Calvin believes that having the right understanding of faith is an integral part of Christian faith and a cornerstone of the church. The proper understanding of faith stems from the doctrine of justification by faith. This doctrine is in two parts, the Law and the Gospel. The purpose of the Law is to allow one to reflect on his or her sinful nature in order to confess sin. The purpose of the Law is to remind one that one continues to live in unrighteousness and against God’s will. After the Law, comes the Gospel. The Gospel reminds one that “Christ is their only righteousness, since, by his obedience, he has wiped off our transgression by his sacrifice, appeased the divine anger; by his blood, washed away our stains; by his cross, borne our cross, and by his death, made satisfaction for us. We maintain that in this way man is reconciled in Christ by no merit of his own, by no value of works,

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