The Theory Of Self Determination Theory Essay

1779 Words Apr 27th, 2015 null Page
According to self-determination theory (SDT), the three previously identified psychological needs affect motivation. As previously identified, learner motivation is either intrinsic or extrinsic; with some learners being a-motivated (experience no motivation). However, Deci and Ryan (2002) suggest that SDT encourages intrinsic motivation in all learners. As autonomy is central to this theory of self, Deci and Ryan argue learners have needs and desires, which results in an intrinsic locus of motivation. They proceed to argue that underachievement is a result of the classroom regiment and time schedule; which occasionally results in teachers rejected learners ' requests for assistance (deCharms, 1983). This is problematic for students with low academic motivation (a motivation), and can result discontent and poor achievement (Legault, et al, 2006). Empirical evidence supports SDT and identifies that educators can nurture intrinsic motivation in KS4 learners by offering more choice of tasks (Ryan and Deci, 2000). The amount of choice and control a teacher allows in learning experiences can significantly impact KS4 learners’ intrinsic motivation, as a choice in the classroom for adolescents is an effective strategy, as learners have increased responsibility and make learning personalised and significant to them (Scott, 2010). This theory of self relates to expectancy-value and attribution theory, as more choice will increase the value learners have for a task and an intrinsic…

Related Documents