Essay about The Theory Of Classical Conditioning
terms used in this research. Specifically, the definition of classical conditioning is explained
falsely within the scenario, as well as facts about the term conditioning and primary reinforcers.
When defining the term classical conditioning, Dr. Breal describes it as a process of learning for
an individual with the help of rewards. However, instead of defining classical conditioning, the
psychologist defines the term operant conditioning. In Lilienfeld’s (2014) terms, operant
conditioning is “learning controlled by the consequences of the organism’s behaviour,” just as
Dr. Breal describes in Scenario C (pg. 220). In contrast, classical conditioning is a “form of
learning in which animals come to respond to a previously neutral stimulus that had been paired
with another stimulus that elicits an automatic response” (Lilienfeld, 2014, pg. 212). In short,
classical conditioning does not require the aid of rewards, but involves the association of two
different stimulus to trigger a response from a participant.
Furthermore, Dr. Breal claims that the sweet treats given to participants when they
complete their exercise are called conditioned reinforcers. Yet, in Lilienfeld’s (2014) terms, this
definition of conditioned reinforcers is paired with the term primary reinforcer, an “item or
outcome that naturally increases the target behaviour,” which is identical to the…