Essay about The Theory Of Classical Conditioning

827 Words Nov 23rd, 2015 4 Pages
In Scenario C, several facts and definitions are inconsistent with the true facts of the

terms used in this research. Specifically, the definition of classical conditioning is explained

falsely within the scenario, as well as facts about the term conditioning and primary reinforcers.

When defining the term classical conditioning, Dr. Breal describes it as a process of learning for

an individual with the help of rewards. However, instead of defining classical conditioning, the

psychologist defines the term operant conditioning. In Lilienfeld’s (2014) terms, operant

conditioning is “learning controlled by the consequences of the organism’s behaviour,” just as

Dr. Breal describes in Scenario C (pg. 220). In contrast, classical conditioning is a “form of

learning in which animals come to respond to a previously neutral stimulus that had been paired

with another stimulus that elicits an automatic response” (Lilienfeld, 2014, pg. 212). In short,

classical conditioning does not require the aid of rewards, but involves the association of two

different stimulus to trigger a response from a participant.

Furthermore, Dr. Breal claims that the sweet treats given to participants when they

complete their exercise are called conditioned reinforcers. Yet, in Lilienfeld’s (2014) terms, this

definition of conditioned reinforcers is paired with the term primary reinforcer, an “item or

outcome that naturally increases the target behaviour,” which is identical to the…

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