The Theme Of Ghosts In Ibsen's Ghosts

1011 Words 5 Pages
Bankruptcy, the resultant rejection by society, the desire to restore the family honor, and illegitimate children appears in many of Ibsen’s play as significant themes. His plays follow a similar pattern thematically: a concealed virtuous guilt and the dread of approaching retribution. Beginning with Ghosts, Ibsen’s works after the play follows the theme of needing to exorcise the main character's guilt, doubt, or fear by some form of renunciation.
“Ibsen’s life and his work are closely interwoven” Explain.
As a reject from society as a young man, Ibsen sees the blindness of bourgeois respectability, and he desires to be part of that very society which rejected him. Despite this, he heavily criticizes society, and he condemns the hypocrisy
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Alving’s sense of guilt results from the intellectual emancipation from those values which she emotionally still accepts. Her attempts at expiation are never adequate to her, and they are not central to and part of her guilt. Mrs. Alving’s image of herself as liberated from old fashion ideals is at odds with the fact that she is a middle-aged woman with respectability and convention. She knows about the disparity between image and fact of her role, and she constantly looks for ways to assert her image and relieve her guilt. Mrs. Alving accepts the image of herself as free and liberated, which clarifies why she is defeated in every attempt at atonement.
Paraphrase/summarize the final paragraph on page 14. In the end of the play, light becomes more and more prominent and distinguished. The play begins with gloomy and rainy weather, and Mrs. Alving plays her important scenes near the only source of light in her house, the window. Oswald’s speech reveals that light tells the truth reveals the meaning of the play’s completed action. Mr. Alving is still trapped within the net of her own inheritance; she fears to face the real truth about herself.
Paraphrase/summarize the last paragraph on page
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Write a commentary of about 300 words on the soul of the tragedy” as it relates to Ibsen’s GHOSTS. In order to fully understand and see the tragedy of the play, it is necessary to not only view the difference between the plot and the action and the justified series of events, but also view the plot as ‘‘the soul of the tragedy.’’ The actions of the play revolve around the “myopic rebellions and empty cliches” of each character. Most of the characters want some sort of social advantage- Engstrand money, and the Pastor the security of conventional respectability.
After the death of Alving, Mrs. Alving wishes to control the Alving heritage for her own life, her liberated life from the zeitgeist of society. She desires and seeks a new human life for her son, in which she had given up everything just so that Oswald could have a safe haven away from his father. Her choices are determined by her actions that were influenced by the ghosts of her past: her marriage to Alving, her return to her husband, her reaction to the Oswald and Regina incestuous relationship, her acceptance of Manders after she has seen the hypocrisy with Engstrand, and her failure to tell Oswald the truth about his father. She tests everything and everybody— Oswald, the Pastor, Regina, and her own moves as she looks at this search in terms of the iconoclasms of the time. Mrs. Alving is tragically seeking as she experiences a series of pathoses and new

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